New Criminal Laws Take Effect Today: Top 10 Changes You Should Know

News Now Nation: New Criminal Laws Take Effect Today: Top 10 Changes You Should Know


Introduction: Starting today, July 1, the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam will officially replace the colonial-era Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure, and Indian Evidence Act. These new criminal laws aim to modernize India’s justice system, providing more efficient and just processes for all citizens.

Top 10 Changes in New Criminal Laws:

  1. Speedy Judgments and Witness Protection:
    • Criminal case judgments must be delivered within 45 days after the trial ends.
    • Charges must be framed within 60 days of the first hearing.
    • All state governments are required to implement witness protection schemes to ensure the safety and cooperation of witnesses.
  2. Support for Rape Victims:
    • Statements from rape victims will be recorded by a female police officer in the presence of the victim’s guardian or relative.
    • Medical reports must be completed within seven days.
  3. Crimes Against Women and Children:
    • A new chapter addresses crimes against women and children.
    • Buying or selling a child is classified as a heinous crime, punishable by severe penalties.
    • Gangrape of a minor can result in a death sentence or life imprisonment.
  4. Protections Against Abandonment:
    • The law includes punishments for cases where women are abandoned after being misled by false promises of marriage.
  5. Regular Case Updates and Medical Aid:
    • Victims of crimes against women are entitled to receive regular updates on their cases within 90 days.
    • All hospitals are required to provide free first-aid or medical treatment to victims of crimes against women and children.
  6. Transparency and Efficiency in Legal Proceedings:
    • Both the accused and the victim are entitled to receive copies of the FIR, police report, charge sheet, statements, confessions, and other documents within 14 days.
    • Courts are allowed a maximum of two adjournments to avoid unnecessary delays in case hearings.
  7. Digital Reporting and Zero FIR:
    • Incidents can now be reported via electronic communication, eliminating the need to visit a police station.
    • The introduction of Zero FIR allows individuals to file a First Information Report at any police station, regardless of jurisdiction.

New criminal laws India, Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, India's justice system, criminal law updates, victim support, digital reporting, forensic involvement, News Now Nation

  1. Rights of the Arrested:
    • Arrested persons have the right to inform a person of their choice about their situation, ensuring they can receive immediate support.
    • Arrest details will be prominently displayed in police stations and district headquarters for easy access by families and friends.
  2. Mandatory Forensic Involvement:
    • It is now mandatory for forensic experts to visit crime scenes for serious offences and collect evidence.
  3. Inclusivity of Gender Definitions:
    • The definition of “gender” now includes transgender people.
    • For certain offences against women, victim statements should be recorded by a woman magistrate when possible. If unavailable, a male magistrate must record the statement in the presence of a woman.
    • Statements related to rape must be recorded through audio-video means.

These significant changes reflect a commitment to a more modern and just legal system in India. Stay informed with News Now Nation for more updates on this and other important developments.


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Shristi Gupta

(Advocate Supreme Court)


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